History


At the beginning of the 21st century the use of robotic observatories for the near-Earth and far space monitoring has quickly grown in the developed countries (first of all, in USA).
It became obvious that the use of robotized observatories in Astronomy allows to achieve the breakthrough in studies of the extremely non-stationary and short-living phenomena in the Universe. Using the robotic observatories manufactured in the developed countries the prompt emission of the most powerful explosions in Universe - gamma-ray bursts - was discovered. Discovery of dozens and hundreds supernovae allowed to suggest the presense of the so called «dark» energy, or the energy of space vacuum. Robotic telescopes are discovering hundreds and thousands of new minor bodies of the Solar system, dozens of planets outside the Solar system (exoplanets), potentially hazardous comets and asteroids.

Robotic observatories in the whole world are widely used in the field of education and public outreach.
In 2002 Moscow Association «OPTIKA» has started the production of the first Russian robotic telescope of a small diameter (40 cm).


Manufacturing of Robotic Wide Field Telescope Complexes.


MASTER II, MASTER II-m and MASTER III

Since 2002 Moscow Association «OPTIKA» is manufacturing wide-field robotic systems «MASTER» (Mobile Astronomical System of Telescopes-Robots) allowing to monitor near-Earth and far space. We offer fully robotized «turnkey» observatories of «MASTER» system in various modifications which include:
- optical part (telescopes themselves);
- electronic part (image acquisition);
- mechanical part (mount, dome, housing);
- computing facilities ("hard");
- programming computational tools ("soft").

Robotic wide field optical complex «MASTER» is capable of working both in autonomous mode and in manual control mode using the world-wide web capabilities.
Computer memory of the complex contains all known data about the celestial objects (stars, galaxies, minor planets, supernovae, artificial satellites and space debris). The system is continuously updating the catalog of known objects via internet.

The software allows real-time image acquisition and processing, identifying objects by types and automatically upload the information to the Databases accessible by the remote user on the WWW.

Robotic «MASTER II» systems created according to specifications by the scientists from Sternberg Astronomical Institute are currently working near Moscow, on Caucasus, on Urals, near Baykal lake and Blagoveshchensk making the joint robotic network for space monitoring.